Climate of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan is a land of the sun. Its climate is torrid, arid and continental type. The north of Uzbekistan belongs to the moderate zone, the extreme south is a subtropical zone. Drought, abundance of light and heat is typical of the climate of the country. In Uzbekistan, summers are long, dry and hot. In summer, the duration of the day is 15 hours and that of the winter is not less than 9 hours. The average temperature of the summer is + 35 °, but sometimes it can reach 45 °. The hottest month is July. Autumn is mild and rainy. Winter is cold with snow. In winter the average temperature is around -2 ° -10 °, but sometimes it can be cold down to -40 °. The coldest month of winter is January.
Precipitation is rare, the annual average varies from 150 to 200 mm. The spring in Uzbekistan is mild and rainy. The mountains are beautiful in summer. It is best to visit Uzbekistan in the spring, from the end of March to the end of June, and in the autumn from September to November.
The relief of Uzbekistan
The relief of Uzbekistan is varied. The deserts and green valleys, high snowy mountains and plateaus, rivers abundant in water make an incomparable impression.
Deserts and plains comprise almost 80% of the territory. The mountains and their foothills comprise 1/5 parts of the territory of the republic. The highest point of the mountains is 4643 m high.
The relief of Uzbekistan includes:
-mountains and foothills to the east and south-east;
– semi-deserts and deserts in the west;
-plains in the southeast and northeast
Earthquakes are typical for Uzbekistan.
Presentations by geographical area
The mountains and foothills of Uzbekistan
The mountains of Uzbekistan are the most picturesque of Central Asia.
The beauty of the woods and mountain meadows is incomparable.
The landscape of eternal snows, glaciers, mountain pastures, mountain ranges breathtaking.
The summer in the mountains is long, the air and the soil are dry, the unbearable heat reigns there.
But summer in the high mountains is short and cool. In the afternoon it is very hot, but at night in the high mountains, the temperature can fall to 0 degrees. Much snow falls in the mountains of Uzbekistan. The snow is held for 2 to 6 months. The mountains of Uzbekistan are:
Tyanshan, Pamir Alai, Korjantag, Ugam, Piskom, Chotkol (its highest peak is Katta Chimiyon, its height is 3309m) Turkiston, Morguzar, Chumgor, Nurota, Kurama, Zirabulak, Ziyovuddin, Yakkabog, Surxontag, Kuhitang, Bobotog , Bo’kantag, Tomditag, Ovminzatag, Quljuktag, Yetimtag, Sulton Uvays and rugged mountains in the far east, the Chatkal mountains. There are 8 nature reserves in Uzbekistan, landscapes, pine forests, deserts and glaciers. Gazelles, bears, lynxes and the rare snow leopard live there.
To the north-east of the desert Kyzyl kum stands the Bukantau mountain ranges. The hollow Mingbulak means word for word “thousand sources”. It lies in the south of these mountain ranges. It is known by its lowest point of Uzbekistan, 12 meters below sea level. Mountains and foothills comprise 1/5 parts of the territory of the republic. Medium mountains and high mountains predominate in the relief of the East. The ridges Ugam, Pskem, Chatkal, Kuramin the Western Tien Shan and Zerafchan ridges, Hissar, Kuhitangtau, Baysuntag, the Pamiro-Alay mountains are in the territory of the Republic. The moderate mountains of Nurata, low mountains like Aktay, Karakchitay, the western tips and ridges of the Zerafchan range are very attractive. The great hollows as of Kachkadaria, Surxandaria, Zerafchan, Fergana extend between the mountains. The valley of Fergana is the biggest hollow. On three sides it is bordered by mountain ranges and its western part is only open. The valley of Fergana comprises 370 km, its width is 190 km. The wide hollow of Amudaria lies on the border with Afganistan. To the east lie the chains of Tian Shan and Guissar-Alay. Their summits culminate 4 643 m in height.
The Uzbeks name the foothills of the rugged hills as adyrs. The adyrs are from 400-500 to 1000-1200m below sea level. In the adyrs, the summer is very hot and not dry, the winter is from the average cold. Precipitation is almost 300-450 mm. In spring, one can not remove the eye from the red carpet of poppies and tulips, of ixiolirhons which cover vast fields. The usual vegetation of the foothills of the hills is gray, thorny bushes. Of adyrs are the dwelling places of wolves, dains, foxes, jackals, jerboas, zicels, varants, lizards, turtles, hedgehogs, snakes, porcupines, scorpions, cats toqay, phalanges, locusts, phaisans, doves, sparrows , herons, geese, ducks, tits, nightingales, partridges, sparrows, finches, pigeons, larks, ravens, aigles.Des walnut trees, poplars, various herbs and abrisseaux grow there.